La science pour mieux enseigner les sciences

Alors qu’un important projet (Plan d’action mathématiques et sciences de la nature (MSN) ) se met en place à Genève, notamment pour améliorer l’enseignement des sciences et corriger le déséquilibre d’attractivité des sciences qui prive la science de nombreuses cervelles brillants juste parce qu’elles sont féminines, Nature fait un dossier sur le thème « Building the 21st century scientist

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En présentant des méthodes dynamiques d’enseignement (une forme d’investigation qu’il ne nomme pas mais ressemble à de l’apprentissage par problème) M. Mitchell Waldrop Why we are teaching science wrong, and how to make it right fustige les sceptiques :  “At this point it is unethical to teach any other way.”

Dans  Reading, writing and high-energy physics Monya Baker passe en revue de nombreux programmes d’enseigment des sciences innovants depuis le primaire jusqu’à l’université

Plusieurs articles dans American Scientific (que Nature a racheté sauf erreur ) évoquent des thèmes cruciaux :


Building the 21st century scientist

Why is STEM education so hard? One of the reasons is that intuition and tradition are poor guides for teaching tough topics. Leading academics offer their advice and a roadmap for a course correction in colleges and universities, but it is clear that change is happening at innovative science-focused programmes all over the world. Starting young is important. But so is continuing to learn throughout one’s career.


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Building the 21st century scientist

For generations, classes in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) have been built around a steady diet of lecture-based learning. Soft skills, such as creative problem solving, critical thinking and collaboration, are often given short shrift.

Now educators and education researchers are calling for change. They argue that a slew of ‘twenty-first-century skills’, which include creativity, persistence and motivation, can and should be taught and fostered through well-designed courses. Focusing on these skills enhances students’ abilities to master and retain knowledge, and many hope that it will help to curb the alarming rate at which students who start off in STEM abandon the subjects.

Nature in collaboration with Scientific American is taking a look at the promise and challenges of bringing STEM education in line with decades of education research.

Editorial

  • An education

    The world can no longer afford to support learning systems in which only the most capable students can thrive. Nature (15 July 2015)

Features

Comment

Books and Arts

  • Early child development: Body of knowledge

    As government education experts call for toddler literacy, and baby apps proliferate, are we losing sight of materials-based learning? Infant scientists and young explorers thrive in the open air and through free play, eager to grasp the world — literally. Nature (15 July 2015)

Careers

  • To build a scientist

    Thought leaders across the globe answer one question: what is the biggest missing piece in how we educate scientists? Responses ranged from the practical to the philosophical. Nature (15 July 2015)

Elsewhere

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